The gateway to Transylvania, Brasov was first documentary certified in the year 1234 A.D. under the name of Corona. Fortunately it still shows to its guests well preserved edifices with Old Saxon architecture. You can take a walk along the old city walls. And either walk up or drive around to the old towers guarding the medieval citadel
Visit the Franciscan Monastery
Stop in the Council Square
Here the Golden Stag Music Festival used to be held, the one where Julio Iglesias started his career.
Visit the Council House
This is a historical and architectural monument documented since the 15th century, with approx. 3000 pieces displayed in 17 halls on the 3 levels of the building.
Step inside the Black ChurchThis is the largest place of worship in Eastern Europe.
It is one of the greatest monuments of Gothic architecture in Transylvania too. Black Church is also the largest Gothic church between Vienna and Istanbul. Built in 1385, it was called St. Mary’s Church until the fire in 1689. Then it received the present name due to the color of the blackened outer walls. Black Church shelters the largest and most valuable collection of Oriental (Anatolian) prayer rugs (over 100). With a huge bell, it also has a renowned 4000-pipe organ (installed in 1839) which is the largest in Romania.
Walk on the String StreetInitially built as a corridor for the use of firefighters, it was first documentary mentioned in 17th century.
It has 80 m length and a width varying between 111 and 135 cm. These make it the 3rd narrowest street in Europe. Spreuerhofstraße in Germany and Parliament Street in England are narrower. Try to fully spread your arms while on it. Yes, it is not wide enough ! It used to be a rendez-vous lieu pour les amoureux (meeting place for lovers). Nowadays this is considered to be the 5th most romantic place in Romania. By the way did you bring a date ?
Admire the beautiful building of Beth Israel Synagogue and Schei Gates
It is named after St.Catherine’s Monastery that was situated here in former times. It is the only original city gate to have survived from medieval times. In fact the central tower is only a part of the original gate; documents talk about the existence of a wooden structure which was demolished in 1827. The original structure can be seen at the Weaver’s Bastion where the large model of Braşov in 1600 is displayed.
Old documents mention it under the name of Porta Valacce, the Vallah’s Gate because it was the only entrance for the Romanians living in Şcheii Braşovului. They were not allowed to use the other four entrances. During the Saxon rule of the 13th to 17th century Romanians were forbidden from owning property inside the fortress walls and such they settled outside the wall in the neighborhood named Şcheii Braşovului. Romanians could only enter the town at certain times and had to pay a toll at the gate for the privilege of selling their produce inside the citadel.
The four small corner turrets (also seen in other Transylvanian towns) symbolize the fact that the town had judicial autonomy, and the “right of sword” (ius gladii) which was the right to decide on capital punishment. Above the entrance the tower bears the city’s coat of arms, a crown on an oak tree trunk and roots.
At the present time here is a museum.
Spend time within Weavers’ Tower
This is located in the South-Western corner of the medieval walled city.
It was erected at the expense and defended through the care of the weavers in the citadel.
This is the best-preserved fortification of the city, nowadays hosting a Museum of the Medieval City of Brasov.
Stop at Graft Bastion
Brasov Craftsmen Defenders of the City – Permanent exhibition
Legend claims that the fortification of Brasov was decided by King Sigismund of Luxembourg in 1395 after a military campaign against the Turks. It seems that the first belt of the city of Brasov was completed at the beginning of the 15th century, but as the Ottoman sieges would prove to have been, the fortifications had to be improved and the yard continued for repair or new construction until the first half of the 17th century.
The effectiveness of the defense system is demonstrated by the fact that, since the Turkish invasion of 1421, until the Austrian troops entered the city in 1688, Brasov was not conquered.
In the 14th century, the excess water from the springs flowing through the Şcheii Braşov and crossing the medieval streets of the Citadel was deflected through an artificial channel called “Graft” at the foot of the Romani hill. The channel was used at the same time as a natural obstacle within the defensive system of the Citadel.
The Graft Bastion was built between 1515 and 1521 to ensure the communication of the White Tower with the fortress. For this purpose it had a mobile gate. Of rectangular shape, based on a thickness of about 4 meters, the fortification is provided with cutting hatches with wood closures and casting.
It was protected and maintained by the harness guild (= saddlebags, harnesses, belts).
Due to a torrential rain that occurred on August 24, 1809, the fortress’s walls weakened in the Graft area and consolidation was needed. In 1822 three springs were built over the creek, one of which still exists today.
See you all back here soon for more tips, picked expressly for you.
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